General elections

General elections will be held in the Netherlands on Wednesday, 22 November 2023. Members of the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer) will be elected. 

Who can you vote for?

In the run-up to the elections a list of candidates will be sent to you at your home address. You can read about the candidates’ plans on their parties’ websites.

Where to vote

To find the polling station nearest to you, visit:

Shortly before the elections, you will also be sent an overview of all polling stations in the post.

What do you need in order to vote?

  • Your voting pass. You will receive your voting pass in the post no later than Wednesday, November 8.
  • Proof of identity. The following are considered valid proof of ID:
    • all passports, identity cards and driving licences from EU countries
    • all passports, identity cards and driving licences from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway
    • a passport or identity card from Switzerland
    • a document proving your residence permit issued by the Netherlands.

If your identity document has expired, the expiry date must be less than five years ago (November, 21 2018).

Voting pass lost or damaged

If your voting pass is lost or damaged, please contact your municipality and request a new one. This can be done in writing up to Friday, November 17 or in person at your local municipal office until Tuesday, November 21 at 12:00 PM.

Accessibility of polling stations

If you have a question about the accessibility of a polling station, you can visit There, you can find information about which polling stations have facilities for people with a visual impairment or wheelchair users. You can also ask the municipality about this.

Vote in a different municipality

If you want to vote in a different municipality, you must apply for a voter’s pass (kiezerspas). You can do so in writing until Friday, November 17 or in person at your local municipal office until Tuesday, November 21 at 12:00 PM.

A voter’s pass enables you to vote in the elections at any polling station in the Netherlands.

How to authorize some else to vote for you

If you are unable to get to the polling station, you can authorize someone else to vote for you. You can do this in two ways:

  • By transferring your voting pass to them
    Fill in the back of your voting pass. Give your voting pass to the person you would like to vote for you. You should also give this person a copy of your identity document. This can also be a photo taken on your mobile phone or tablet. Make sure that the information can be clearly read.
  • By written proxy
    For this, you need to request a form from your municipality. Both you and the person who will be voting for you need to complete the form. Return the form to the municipality no later than Friday, November 17.

Living abroad

Dutch citizens living abroad will also be able to vote. They must first be registered with the Municipality of The Hague no later than Wednesday, October 11.